Does your dog get scared during thunderstorms or fireworks? Do they suffer from separation anxiety? Does hearing noises outside make them nervous? Turning on some music or some form of white noise for your dog can help relieve their stress.
Recent studies have shown that playing music reduces stress in dogs at animal shelters, with less barking, lower respiratory rates, and lower levels of the stress hormone cortisol.
This shouldn’t come as too much of a surprise, as the effect music has on human emotions has been a subject of study for quite some time. Music therapy is used as a natural anti-anxiety remedy and to help with sleep disorders, and it’s easy to use the same technique for your puppy or adult dog.
What Kind of Music is Calming for Dogs?
You can use music to help your dog feel calmer and encourage relaxation — but wait! Certain music genres have been proven to be more soothing for your dog than others. Reggae and soft rock are the most relaxing music for dogs in shelters, and classical music also helps calm down dogs in stressful environments.
Variety within the genres mentioned above seems to be the most effective for anxiety and stress relief. After about 7 days of the same kind of music, dogs get used to the background noise and begin to show more stress. Mix up which stations you leave on for your dog, letting your dog enjoy some Bob Marley, Fleetwood Mac, and Mozart. Follow Preventive Vet on Spotify for different pet-centric playlists. Here's a Soft Rock for Dogs playlist of our favorite mix of songs to help de-stress your pet:
There is even music composed specifically for dogs, whether it’s for generally anxious dogs, those with separation anxiety, fear of thunder, or for helping a new puppy sleep through the night. Watch how music artist Gnash wrote and recorded a song for his anxious dog Daisy:
Canine Lullabies and Through a Dog’s Ear are two of the most popular recordings for puppies, anxious dogs, or dogs scared of loud noises, and YouTube also offers many different options for calming dog music. Dogs might have different preferences but the length of the musical notes, simplicity of tones, regular rhythms, and the music’s tempo are the most important calming qualities.
More products are popping up that include calming music to reduce anxiety. The Calmz Anxiety Relief System is one such product, which claims to deliver acoustic and vibration therapy to reduce anxiety in dogs. If you want to try products like this one, make sure you're introducing the wearable speaker properly and watching your dog for any signs of stress caused by the vibration of the product. Reviews of the Calmz indicate mixed success. In some reviews, dog owners reported that their dog became more anxious due to the vibration mechanism, the music was too loud for their dog, or that the harness didn't fit well.
When trying a new treatment for anxiety, always consider whether there is any possibility it could inadvertently make your dog more anxious. It's best to work with your veterinary behaviorist, certified dog trainer, or behavior consultant to determine what products will work best for you and your dog.
When to Play Calming Music for Your Dog
Your dog can benefit from music in a variety of situations, including:
- During the adjustment period after you first bring home a new puppy or dog.
- Whenever you leave your dog home alone.*
- When your dog spends time in their crate, puppy zone, or in their safe space.
- During thunderstorms or fireworks.
- Helping a restless puppy or dog fall asleep.
- At the veterinary clinic during exams.
- While riding in the car to help ease travel anxiety.
Pro Tip: If you are planning on leaving music on for a dog that suffers from separation anxiety, you want to make sure you also play it at other times when you are home. You don’t want your dog to learn that when you turn on the music it means you’re leaving, adding another stressful trigger to their anxiety.
Using Music to Help Prevent Barking
If your dog barks at any noise they hear outside, you can play music (or turn on a fan or white noise machine) to help mask the sounds. It’s normal for dogs to alert bark when they hear something outside, and noise masking can be a great management tool. This can lessen the amount of barking your dog does while alone or at nighttime — something you (and your neighbors) will appreciate. I personally use the Snooz sound machine to mask outdoor noises that cause my younger dog to bark.
Using Music to Help Your Dog Get Used to Scary Sounds
For dogs that already get anxious or are fearful of certain noises like thunder or fireworks, you'll want to work with a certified dog trainer to start a desensitization and counterconditioning plan. You can read the basics of this training technique in our Getting Your Dog Ready for Fireworks article.
For puppies and dogs who haven't yet shown anxiety or fear of loud noises, it's worth it to introduce noises in a positive way to prevent noise phobia or anxiety from developing.
- Proactive Exposure Training and socialization is the best way to prevent fear and anxiety later in life. While most effective during your puppy's imprint period (between 5 to 16 weeks of age), it can still be done at any age.
- Dog trainer Victoria Stilwell partnered with Through a Dog's Ear to create audio tracks that combine calming music with low volume sound effects like fireworks, thunderstorms, and city sounds. These are great tools to introduce a puppy to new sounds in a positive way or use in a desensitization training plan.
- The Sound Proof Puppy App is another great way to proactively expose your puppy to new sounds during their socialization period. It's available on the Apple App Store and on Google Play.
Let us know what music you play to de-stress your pet (or yourself) in the comments below!