Have you ever looked in your dog’s ears and seen a bunch of hair growing inside? Some dog breeds naturally grow hair inside their ears, such as Shih Tzus and Poodles. I’ve noticed that as my Corgi has gotten older, she has thicker fur growing inside her ears than she used to — I call it her “grandpa ear hair.”
Hair inside the ear can make it more difficult for your dog’s immune system to keep levels of yeast and bacteria at a manageable level, can block the flow of air that keeps the ear canal dry, and trap dirt, excess ear wax, and debris inside. So if you’ve noticed that your dog’s inner ears are getting a bit overgrown, what should you do about it?
To Pluck or Not to Pluck Your Dog's Ears?
Plucking the hair from the ear canal is a controversial topic in the dog grooming world. Some dog groomers claim that they see more ear infections in dogs that get their ears routinely plucked, while others claim just the opposite. Like so many other things in the world, the answer for whether or not you should pluck your dog’s ears is ... it depends!
If your dog has chronic ear infections, plucking inside their ears can help with air circulation which helps keep moisture in the ear at bay. Plucking also makes giving ear medication easier and more effective since it can make its way all the way into the ear canal.
However, if your dog does not suffer from recurring ear infections, there is no medical reason to pluck their ears as long as the hair is well-trimmed or brushed out and not allowed to mat or block the ear opening. If you're worried about the amount of hair growing in your dog's ears, discuss with your vet what option is best for your dog.
A great alternative to ear plucking is having your groomer trim down the inside of the dog’s ear flap and carefully trim the hair in the ear canal. Keeping it short will prevent the hair from blocking the flow of air or getting tangled in any ear wax.
I asked Dr. Jason Nicholas what he thinks about ear plucking: “I’d say it depends on the dog and their past ear condition history. I wouldn’t necessarily suggest it for all dogs with a lot of ear hair. But for those that get chronic wax build-up, irritation, or infections, then yes, I’d suggest having that hair removed. I'd also recommend having their thyroid function tested and working with their vet to check for any food or environmental allergies. These are all common underlying causes of chronic ear problems.”
How to Pluck Your Dog's Ears
Plucking is often routinely done when a dog is professionally groomed. If you prefer not to have your dog’s ears plucked, just inform your groomer before their appointment. If you feel comfortable plucking your dog's ears at home, you can ask your groomer to show you how it's done.
What You'll Need:
Ear Powder — this will make the hair easier to grip as you pluck. You don't need to use much and be careful not to get any of it in your dog's eyes or let them sniff it in while applying. Such powders can cause significant irritation and damage to the eyes and can irritate the lungs if inhaled.
Hair Removal Hemostats — this tool is optional as you can use just your fingers to pluck, but these can make gripping the more hard-to-reach hair a bit easier. (Avoid using human tweezers as they usually have sharp edges that can scratch your dog's ear, or cause even worse injuries should your dog shake or move their head while you're plucking.)
How to Pluck Your Dog's Ears:
- Apply some ear powder on your fingers and firmly grip a small amount of hair surrounding the opening of your dog's ear canal.
- If you can't get a good grip on the fur, apply more powder or use a hair removal tool.
- Pluck the hair in a quick and gentle motion. You don't want a hard steady pull or a tough jerk on the hair. It should come out rather easily (if it doesn't, don't pluck it).
- You only need to pluck enough hair to open up your dog's ear canal, no need to over pluck!
- After plucking, it's a good idea to clean your dog's ears to flush out any powder residue.
This video by Love of Grooming does an excellent job showing how to pluck a dog's ear hair, how to use clippers to trim around a dog's ear canal, as well as showing examples of ears that don't need to be plucked:
Check Your Dog's Ears Regularly
Whether you pluck your dog's ears or not, it's important to monitor their ear health, as infections can begin and worsen quickly. You should check your dog’s ears weekly for any sign of irritation or infection (this can be easily and quickly done while snuggling on the couch watching TV, it only takes a moment or two):
- Look in their ears for any redness or discharge
- Smell their ears to check for any strong odor (it might smell yeasty, like corn chips, if they’re developing an ear infection)
- Watch to see if they’re showing any sensitivity to their ears being handled — this could be a sign of an infection developing
If you notice any of the above, make an appointment with your veterinarian to make sure there's not a possible ear infection or other problem. These symptoms should be addressed before cleaning your dog's ears at home, as you could do more damage by cleaning an infected ear. Read more here about when NOT to clean your dog's ears.
Cleaning and drying your dog's ears should be done after plucking, bathing, or swimming. Your dog should get more regular ear cleanings if they have a history of ear issues or have food or environmental allergies that makes them more likely to get infections. It's easy to learn how to clean your dog's ears at home, but your groomer or vet can help if you don't feel comfortable doing it yourself.