Easter fun with Fluffy: Keeping your pets safe and healthy during the holiday

    Keep_your_pets_safe_and_out_of_the_ER_this_Easter-Image-1Easter is a great time to celebrate with family, but if you have pets, there are a few extra things you might want to think about if you want to keep them happy, healthy, and safe.

    Decorating can be dangerous

    Some of the plants and flowers that are commonly placed around the house and on tables this time of year can cause some serious problems for your pets. A few of the more common, and more dangerous, Easter-associated plants & flowers are listed below, but for a more extensive list of poisonous plants and flowers – and some nontoxic alternatives check out Toxic and Non-Toxic Plants on the ASPCA's webpage.

    Be Aware!

    1. Some of the plants and flowers that are commonly placed around the house and on tables at Easter can cause some serious problems for your pets.
    2. A few things in the typical Easter basket can seriously harm your pets.
    3. During the holidays, our pets are more likely to find a way to sneak a “forbidden snack.”

    Easter lilies

    The beautiful Easter lily is one of the most dangerous flowers you can have around your cats. Unfortunately, it’s also one of the most common flowers found in homes around this holiday. It, along with several of the other varieties of ‘true lilies,’ will easily put your cats into acute kidney failure. This devastating and often fatal condition can happen even if your cat takes only a small nibble on one or two petals. It can also happen when your cat grooms lily pollen off of their fur or paws. Given the high risk and the devastating consequences, the safest thing you can do is to keep these lilies out of homes with cats. The danger they pose to your cat’s health is far greater than the beauty they can add to your decorating. Please see this
    important article for more on the dangers lilies pose to cats.

    Cyclamen

    These plants are often found at gardening centers and supermarkets, so they can easily end up in and around homes this time of year. The highest risk to pets comes from eating the roots, though the flowers themselves can cause problems, too. Small bites may cause vomiting, drooling, and diarrhea, while eating a larger amount can result in heart rhythm abnormalities, seizures, and even death.

    Amaryllis

    Pets that eat part of the beautiful Amaryllis plant can suffer vomiting, drooling, and abdominal pain. In some cases, they may even develop a sudden drop in blood pressure or breathing problems. Though all parts of the plant are toxic, the bulb, which is often exposed in these plants, is the most dangerous part for your pet.

    Keep_your_pets_safe_and_out_of_the_ER_this_Easter-Image-3Hazards of the Easter basket

    Whether you’re planning to give your pet their own basket this Easter, or they just decide to help themselves to one meant for someone else, it’s important to be aware that there are a few things in the typical Easter basket that can seriously harm your pets.

    Candies

    Hopefully you are aware of the dangers that chocolate poses to your pets, but be aware that it’s not the only sweet treat that can do them harm. Many sugar-free gums and candies now contain xylitol, a sugar substitute that, though it may be beneficial for people with diabetes and a high risk of cavities, is highly toxic to dogs.  Even a small amount of xylitol can cause a steep drop in your dog’s blood sugar, leading to seizures, and possible coma or death. At slightly higher doses, xylitol can put your dog into liver failure from which they are unlikely to recover, even with intensive veterinary care. Ingestion of any candy should lead to an immediate call to your veterinarian or one of the animal-specific poison control centers, and should be considered very harmful until informed otherwise by a veterinarian or a certified technician.

    Raisins

    Though they don’t exactly ‘scream’ Easter, some people put little boxes of raisins in their Easter baskets. If you have dogs in the house, this could prove to be a very unhealthy decision. Raisins, grapes, and currants, can cause acute kidney failure in some dogs. We in the veterinary profession still do not know what it is in these fruits that is responsible for this toxicity, nor do we know why some dogs are susceptible, while others are not. What we do know though, is that kidney failure is debilitating, expensive to treat, and often fatal. Keep raisins, as well as grapes and currants, well away from your dogs.

    Easter grass

    This common filler of Easter baskets is often too tempting a ‘toy’ for pets to stay away from, particularly cats. When ingested, Easter grass has a high likelihood of causing irritation or obstruction of your pet’s intestines. Such digestive problems will likely result in a decrease in energy level and appetite, as well as vomiting and diarrhea. And while the irritation may resolve with at-home care, it just might require several days in the vet hospital, too. Any obstruction, on the other hand, will most certainly require surgery to correct. This means a stay in the hospital for your pet, and a bill typically upwards, and sometimes well upwards, of $1,000 for you.

    Eggs

    Whether chocolate, plastic, or real, the eggs found in Easter baskets can cause a variety of problems for your pets. While the dangers of chocolate are well known, the dangers of plastic and real eggs may be less obvious. Plastic eggs can cause digestive and respiratory tract irritation or obstruction when swallowed or inhaled.

    Broken pieces of these eggs can also lead to cuts on your pet’s paws and in their mouth. Hardboiled eggs often cause digestive issues when dogs sniff out and eat the eggs leftover from the egg hunt. For your pet’s safety, and your kid’s entertainment, consider writing down where you hid all the eggs, and then be sure they’ve all been collected before heading in for dinner. Speaking of which…

    Keep_your_pets_safe_and_out_of_the_ER_this_Easter-Image-4Cooking with care

    Many of the foods we safely eat can cause problems for our pets – sometimes even in small quantities. It’s important to be particularly aware around the holidays as there is often so much commotion going on that our pets are more likely to find a way to sneak a “forbidden snack,” or find a soft-hearted sucker to give into their pleading eyes. Below are some common Easter table foods and how they can be
    problematic for your pets.

    Pork roast

    The main problem with the typical pork roast is the amount of fat it contains, as many pets will develop digestive upset from eating excessively fatty foods. Some pets, including miniature schnauzers and certain other breeds, obese pets, and those with chronic pancreatitis, are at an even higher risk of such digestive upset. Fat isn’t the only problem with pork roast, though. Few pets are willing and able to resist the chance to play with (and eat) the twine that often holds these cuts of meat together. When eaten, this twine can obstruct your pet’s digestive tract, so be sure to dispose of this string safely.

    Ham

    The dangers of ham are much the same as those mentioned above for the pork roast, with one more thrown in for good measure… the salt. Most hams have a high enough salt content to lead to neurologic problems for pets that eat a large enough quantity. Of course, the amount that will define a “large enough” quantity will vary for each pet based on a number of factors. So it’s just best to play it safe and avoid sharing the Easter ham with your pets, and be sure to ask your guests to do the same.

    Bread and rolls

    Here it isn’t necessarily the finished product that poses a risk to your pets, but rather the uncooked dough that could result in an emergency trip to the vet. When pets (typically dogs) eat uncooked dough containing live yeast, they can suffer a variety of debilitating and potentially fatal problems as the live yeast becomes “active” in the warm, moist environment of their stomach. Much as it would do when rising appropriately in a cupboard or oven, the active yeast converts the sugars in the dough to carbon dioxide and alcohol. The carbon dioxide expands the stomach to the point of discomfort and blocks the return of blood to the heart, resulting in a state of true shock. The alcohol causes a variety of metabolic problems, or what would more commonly be thought of as ‘alcohol poisoning.’ In some instances, the expanding dough can result in an obstruction of the stomach, which may require surgery. Given all these potential problems, it really is best to let your bread dough rise on a high shelf, in the microwave, or in a closed oven, rather than on the kitchen counter.

    Overall, keeping your pets out of the kitchen when preparing the Easter feast and well away from the table once the food comes out will help the whole family have a comfortable, enjoyable meal.

    Topics: Dog Safety, Cat Safety, pet safety tips, poisonous plants for dogs, poisonous plants for cats, pet safety, Lilies, Are Grapes Safe for Dogs, Easter Lily, Easter Flowers, easter, Xylitol, holiday safety, holiday pet safety tips, easter dinner, Blog

    Photo Credit: Preventive Vet

    Please do not ask emergency or other specific medical questions about your pets in the blog comments. As an online informational resource, Preventive Vet is unable to and does not provide specific medical advice or counseling. A thorough physical exam, patient history, and an established veterinary-patient-client relationship is required to provide specific medical advice. If you are worried that your pet is having an emergency or if you have specific medical questions related to your pet’s current or chronic medical conditions, please contact or visit your veterinarian, an animal-specific poison control hotline, or your local emergency veterinary care center.

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